Atena Farghadani is a 28-year-old Iranian artist. She was recently sentenced to 12 years and 9 months in prison for drawing a cartoon.
This cartoon, that she posted on her Facebook page last year, depicts members of the Iranian parliament as animals. It was drawn in protest of new legislature in Iran that will restrict access to contraception and criminalise voluntary sterilisation. Atena’s charges include ‘spreading propaganda against the system’ and ‘insulting members of parliament through paintings’.
“While in prison last year, Atena flattened paper cups to use them as a surface to paint on. When the prison guards realised what she had been doing, they confiscated her paintings and stopped giving her paper cups. When Atena found some cups in the bathroom, she smuggled them into her cell. Soon after, she was beaten by prison guards, when she refused to strip naked for a full body search. Atena says that they knew about her taking the cups because they had installed cameras in the toilet and bathroom facilities – cameras detainees had been told were not operating.”
She was released in November and gave media interviews and posted a video on YouTube detailing her beatings, constant interrogations and humiliating body searches. She was then rearrested possibly in retaliation for speaking out and has been imprisoned ever since. In January, Atena went on a hunger strike to protest the horrible prison conditions. Her health suffered dramatically, and after losing consciousness and suffering a heart attack in February, she was forced to eat again.
The quote used in the comic is taken from the speech Atena gave at her trial. It has been translated into English by the Free Atena Facebook page. You can read the whole thing here.
Time is now against her, she has just two weeks to lodge an appeal. Michael Cavna, comic journalist for The Washington Post, has launched a campaign appealing to artists to help bring awareness to Atena’s case by creating their own artwork in support of Atena and using the hashtag#Draw4Atena. Can a bunch of artists and a hashtag really make a difference and put pressure on the Iranian Government to release Atena? Probably not. But just remember that Atena is currently in prison enduring horrible conditions, and if her appeal isn’t successful, she will be there for another twelve years. FOR DRAWING A CARTOON AND POSTING IT ON FACEBOOK. Don’t we owe it to her to at least try?
Alot worse actually happens out there.. once Being a soldier (which turned me into an activist) showed me..
Microbiome Monday: Microbes and Metabolism
It’s Microbiome Monday again! Before the Museum’s upcoming exhibition The Secret World Inside You opens November 7, we’re offering weekly primers on the microbiome and the research surrounding it from Curators Rob DeSalle and Susan Perkins, as well as from other scientists who are working in this exciting field.
Today’s post from Dr. Perkins explores how microbes help animals of all kinds—from wood-eating termites to human gourmands—digest food and get the most nutrition out of our meals.
A Microbial Feast
In New York, an order of chow mein may always be just a phone call away, but for most animals, getting a meal is harder work. To find food more easily, some forms of life exploit food sources that are otherwise unavailable to most other organisms, like wood, plant sap, and blood. While man may not be able to live by bread alone, a leech can get by on nothing but blood for its whole life. Making these limited diets work is a team effort, though, in which microbial partners provide missing nutrients.
Wood-eating insects like termites and woodroaches host bacteria, archaea, and protists in their guts that help to convert the tough cellulose fibers of food back into simple sugars. Aphids suck up sugar-rich plant sap, but rely on symbiontic bacteria called Buchnera to provide them with protein. And blood is easy to digest and full of both sugars and protein, but notoriously lacking in B vitamins, so animals like tsetse flies and leeches thus have their own symbiotic bacteria to round out their nutritional needs. In most cases, these partnerships are so important that the microbes are inherited vertically—just like the DNA passing from parent to offspring—to ensure that the new generation has the symbionts it needs to eat well in place.
Unlike these specialized species, humans are notorious omnivores, much like our cousins, chimpanzees and bonobos. That’s why primate microbiomes may seem more flexible and fungible. A recent study compared the gut microbiomes of humans from various parts of the world to those in chimps, bonobos, and gorillas.
Overall, the human gut microbiomes showed significantly less diversity than those of wild primates, and underscored some differences in our diets. For instance, the genus Fibrobacter, active in fermenting plant material, is all but gone in people, whereas Bacteroides, which is associated with diets rich in animal fats and proteins, is much more abundant—by a factor of five—in humans than apes.
Within humans, though, we still are varied eaters. Vegan, gluten-free, pescatarian, Paleo—these are just a few of the dietary restrictions people commonly adhere to. Scientists are now looking at the relationship between these diets and our gut microbiomes, because the bacteria play such fundamental roles in our digestion as well as contributing to our immunity, weight, and propensity to chronic diseases.
For meat-lovers, an important set of studies recently brought a dose of bad news. Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic have demonstrated that our gut bacteria convert carnitine, a compound found in high proportions in foods like red meat, and choline, which is abundant in eggs, to the by-product trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), which can be an indicator of heart disease risk.
Interestingly, vegetarians who were given a steak or other red meat did not show subsequent high levels of TMAO, suggesting that their microbiota contain fewer of the microbes that make TMAO. While diet is just one factor that contributes to heart disease or other ailments, this study suggests that a “flexitarian” diet—mostly vegetarian with occasional meat— might be the healthiest of all.
Our favorite GIFs from the pennant clinching celebration.
On Thursday, Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton will testify in front of the House Select Committee on Benghazi, where Republicans will try to prove that the former secretary of state mishandled the events leading up to and following the 2012 terror attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya.
Fulton County, Georgia admitted to illegally disenfranchising and misleading voters in the 2008 and 2012 elections in a settlement this month. For more than two dozen violations of state law — including improperly rejecting eligible ballots and sending voters to the wrong precincts — the county will pay a fine of $180,000. To make sure the problems do not continue in the future, the county has promised to spend an additional $200,000 on new training software for their poll workers.
“Not today, Shell!” an anchor support yelled from a Portland bridge as 13 climbers hung below for the 29th consecutive hour.
Cheers and chants were heard from land and water around 7:30 a.m. Pacific Time Thursday, as a Royal Dutch Shell ship slowly turned around in the water and retreated from the bridge. The Arctic-bound ship stopped in its tracks Thursday during its second attempt to reach a Shell drilling site. The oil company aborted its first attempt early Wednesday morning, when Greenpeace activists rappelled off of St. John’s Bridge in Portland, Oregon with the support of assistants and “kayaktivists” on the water, two hours before the icebreaking vessel was scheduled to leave. The ship’s second attempt also failed.
The Texas Department of Public Safety released police dashcam footage Tuesday showing the moment of Sandra Bland’s arrest. The film immediately came under fire for alleged editing that seems to occur at various points in the footage. The nine cuts raise even more questions in Bland’s case.
In McKinney, Texas, 15-year-old Dajerria Becton was tackled to the ground, kneed in the neck, and handcuffed by a police officer while she was wearing a bikini. In Cleveland, Tanisha Anderson, a schizophrenic and bipolar woman, was allegedly slammed to the ground in front of her family, before dying in police custody. In Chicago, 22-year-old Rekia Boyd was accidentally shot in the head by an officer who opened fire on a group gathered in an alley.
New York City settles Eric Garner case for $5.9 million
The New York Times: New York City has settled with the family of Eric Garner, agreeing to pay $5.9 million in the case over his killing by police last July, a lawyer representing the family said Monday.
Photo: Gwen Carr, Eric Garner’s mother, teared up during an interview in June. (Mark Kauzlarich/The New York Times)
"We made a terrible mistake 30 years ago when we created the laws that sent these men and women away for so long." - President Obama, granting clemency to 46 non-violent drug offenders
While gay and lesbian members of armed forces may now serve openly, transgender soldiers remain in shadows.